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Probate Sales

IN CALIFORNIA, when real estate of a deceased person goes into probate, the sale of that real estate becomes subject to certain legal requirements and regulations. The following are some basic guidelines to help better understand this process.

In the majority of cases in the Glendora area today, the estate representative, whichis an executor or administrator of the estate, has authority to sell the property through powers granted by the IAEA (Independent Administration of Estates Act). When the estate representative has full powers under this act, they may choose to sell the property without the need for a court confirmation hearing. Unless there are objections by interested parties to the estate, which could require the sale to be confirmed in a hearing, the sale can usually be completed with a minimum of additional requirements. Most estate sales sold under the IAEA are completed very smoothly and differ very little from most other sales.

In some cases, the estate representative in a probate may be granted only limited powers through IAEA, in which case a confirmation hearing is then required. Even if the estate representative has full powers, that person may elect to have the sale confirmed in court anyway.

Here are some general procedures that are followed when court confirmation is either chosen or required, as required by law or custom:

  -An offer is presented and conditionally “accepted” by the estate representative. This purchase agreement is not binding on the estate.
  -After all buyer contingencies are removed from the accepted offer, a petition for the court hearing is made. The date of the court hearing depends upon the court calendar at the time, but is generally 20-40 days from the date of the petition.
  -The buyer needs to deposit 10% of the purchase price prior to or on the date of the court confirmation hearing.
  -The sale, together with the accepted offering price, is advertised for a statutory period in a local newspaper.
  -There is open, competitive bidding at the court hearing. The minimum first overbid price shall be an amount equal to the accepted purchase price of the accepted offer, plus five percent of that amount, plus $500. In the event of such an overbid, the court shall determine any further incremental overbidding amounts – for example, $1,000 or $2,000. The bidding stops with the final bid.
  -Any person who bids in court must make an unconditional offer (i.e., obtaining financing and approving inspections should not be a condition of the offer) and if confirmed must present a cashier’s check deposit for 10% of the purchase price as described above, or as determined by the court.
  -In the event a buyer defaults after a court confirmed sale, the buyer may lose his/her deposit.
  -If the court confirms the sale to an overbidder rather than the original buyer, the original buyer’s deposit shall be refunded. If the sale is confirmed to the original buyer, the deposit shall apply to the purchase price.
  -The purchase price accepted must be at least 90% of the probate referee’s appraised or re-appraised value of the property.
  -Real estate commissions are subject to approval of the court.

 

The preceding is a general discussion of certain probate sale procedures in California. This information is not intended as legal advice, or guaranteed accurate or complete. Specific situations may differ.  Contact your attorney for information regarding any particular situation.